Daniel Plaza-Bonilla

PhD, researcher in Agronomy and Soil Sciences
Ramón y Cajal fellow
Universitat de Lleida



  • Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

    • Plaza-Bonilla, D.; Álvaro-Fuentes, J.; Bareche, J.; Pareja-Sánchez, E.; Justes, E.; Cantero-Martínez, C. - 2018
    No-tillage reduces long-term yield-scaled soil nitrous oxide emissions in rainfed Mediterranean agroecosystems: a field and modelling approach. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 262, 36-47.

     The 18-yr mean yield-scaled N2O emissions were 2.8–3.3 times lower under no-till (NT), compared to the corresponding conventional tillage (CT) treatments. Under CT, N application would increase yield-scaled nitrous oxide emissions (YSNE) in most years while YSNE would be more resilient to the application of increasing N rates under NT. This work demonstrates that in rainfed Mediterranean systems NT is a win-win strategy for the equilibrium between agricultural productivity and low soil N2O emissions.


     The 18-yr mean yield-scaled N2O emissions were 2.8–3.3 times lower under NT, compared to the corresponding CT treatments. Under CT, N application would increase YSNE in most years while YSNE would be more resilient to the application of increasing N rates under NT. Our work demonstrates that in rainfed Mediterranean systems NT is a win-win strategy for the equilibrium between agricultural productivity and low soil N2O emissions.

    • Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

      • Plaza-Bonilla, D.; Léonard, J.; Peyrard, C.; Mary, B.; Justes, E. - 2017
      Precipitation gradient and crop management affect N2O emissions: simulation of mitigation strategies in rainfed Mediterranean conditions. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 238, 89-103.

       To i) compile a dataset of N2O emission obtained in Mediterranean conditions and evaluate the ability of a simulation soil-crop model (STICS) to predict the observed fluxes, ii) evaluate its ability to capture the effect of a gradient in mean precipitation and year to year irregularity on N2O emissions in a Mediterranean transect and iii) to test the efficiency of several agricultural management strategies for mitigating N2O emissions along such a climatic gradient.


       This work demonstrates the usefulness of modelling approaches combined with experimental data, to take into account climatic variability and explore how the efficiency of mitigation practices is affected by the agro-pedo-climatic conditions.

    • Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

      • Plaza-Bonilla, D.; Nolot, J.M.; Rafaillac, D.; Justes, E. - 2015
      Cover crops mitigate nitrate leaching in cropping systems including grain legumes: Field evidence and model simulations. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 212, 1-12.

       To investigate and quantify the impact of different low-input cropping systems based on grain legumes without and with cover crops during fallow period, in order to produce a nitrate catch crop effect for mitigating N leaching.


       This study highlights the importance of a proper design of entire cropping systems, i.e. simultaneously modifying cash crop succession and cover crop, by adapting the crop rotation and the different management practices (i.e. N fertilization, irrigation, etc.) to mitigate the environmental impact of N leaching and reduce as much as possible pre-emptive competition phenomena due to cover crops.



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